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Overview

FAA Air Route Traffic Control Centers in Oakland, California; New York, New York; Houston, Texas; and Anchorage, Alaska fulfill FAA’s International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) designated responsibilities for the provision of Air Traffic Service over portions of international (Oceanic) airspace. Because substantial volumes of oceanic airspace lie beyond the range of ground-based radars, oceanic airspace controllers have to estimate the position of an airplane from pilot reports and computer models (exceptions do exist).

Operations

A Center's control service for an oceanic FIR may be operationally distinct from its service for a domestic overland FIR/ARTCC, employing different communications frequencies, controllers, and a different ICAO/FAA code. Pilots typically use high frequency radio instead of very high frequency radio to communicate with a Center when flying over the ocean, because of HF's relatively greater propagation over long distances.

Procedural Standards

FAA AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE OUTSIDE U.S. AIRSPACE IS PROVIDED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 12 AND ANNEX 11 OF ICAO CONVENTION. ICAO CONVENTION NOT APPLICABLE TO STATE AIRCRAFT BUT COMPLIANCE WITH ICAO STANDARDS AND PRACTICES IS ENCOURAGED

"Article 12 - Rules of the air":
Each contracting State undertakes to adopt measures to insure that every aircraft flying over or maneuvering within its territory and that every aircraft carrying its nationality mark, wherever such aircraft may be, shall comply with the rules and regulations relating to the flight and maneuver of aircraft there in force. Each contracting State undertakes to keep its own regulations in these respects uniform, to the greatest possible extent, with those established from time to time under this Convention. Over the high seas, the rules in force shall be those established under this Convention. Each contracting State undertakes to insure the prosecution of all persons violating the regulations applicable.

Certification

All users that wish to control in any of the Nort American Region asigned Oceanic FIRs needs to undergo training and certification as oceanic Controller.

Request for Gander Oceanic shall be adressed to the Shanwick Oceqanic FIR management.

Training

Go here to request an Oceanic Training session.

REVISED: February 16 2017